将Material Studio的xtd轨迹文件导出为xyz轨迹文件的方法

将Material Studio的xtd轨迹文件导出为xyz轨迹文件的方法

文/Sobereva  First release: 2012-May-23


Material Studio(MS)的xtd文件包含了原子或者粗粒化模拟中的bead的轨迹信息。这是MS的私有格式,为了能将轨迹放到其它程序,比如VMD中做更灵活细致的分析,需要转换为通用轨迹格式。xtd文件内含的实际轨迹信息实际上储存在同目录下的同名的.trj隐藏文件里(二进制文件),一种转换成通用格式的方法是利用MS自带的trj2ascii.exe程序将.trj文件内容转换成普通文本文件,然后再写个程序将其转换成其它轨迹格式。但这样步骤稍微麻烦些。

另一种做法是直接利用MS内部支持的Perl脚本,循环每一帧每一个原子或Bead,将其坐标属性写入到外部文本文件。比如按照常见的xyz坐标格式来写,就可以生成xyz轨迹了,可以被VMD等程序直接载入。

http://chembytes.wikidot.com/materials-studio上有人提供了现成的这样的Perl脚本将原子轨迹转换成xyz轨迹。我进一步对其进行了修改使之用起来更方便些,另外加入了对周期性体系的支持。脚本如下所示

#!perl
#**********************************************************
#*                                                        *
#*     XTD2XYZ - Convert XTD files into XYZ ormat        *
#*                                                        *
#**********************************************************
# Version: 0.1
# Author: Andrea Minoia
# Date: 08/09/2010
#
# Convert MS trajectory xtd file into xYZ trajectory file.
# Backup of files that are about to be overwritten is managed
# by MS. The most recent file is that with higher index number (N)
# The script has to be in the same directory of the
# structure to modify and the user has to update the
# variable $doc (line 31) according to the name of the
# file containing the trajectory.
# The xmol trajectory is stored in trj.txt file and it is not
# possible to rename the file within MS, nor it is possible to
# automatically export it as xyz or car file. You should manage
# the new trajectory manually for further use (e.g. VMD)
#
# Modificator: Sobereva (sobereva@sina.com)
# Date: 2012-May-23
# The range of the frames to be outputted can be altered by line 49 and 51

use strict;
use MaterialsScript qw(:all);

#open the multiframe trajectory structure file or die
my $doc = $Documents{"./benzene.xtd"};

if (!$doc) {die "no document";}

my $trajectory = $doc->Trajectory;

if ($trajectory->NumFrames>1) {

    print "Found ".$trajectory->NumFrames." frames in the trajectory\n";
    # Open new xmol trajectory file
    my $xmolFile=Documents->New("trj.txt");
   
    #get atoms in the structure
#    my $atoms = $doc->Atoms;
    my $atoms = $doc->DisplayRange->Atoms;
    my $Natoms=@$atoms;

    # loops over the frames
    my $framebegin=1;
    my $frameend=$trajectory->NumFrames;
#    my $frameend=10;
    for (my $frame=$framebegin; $frame<=$frameend; ++$frame){
        $trajectory->CurrentFrame = $frame;
        #write header xyz
        $xmolFile->Append(sprintf "%i \n", $Natoms);
        $xmolFile->Append(sprintf "%s %i \n", "Frame",$frame);
        foreach my $atom (@$atoms) {
            # write atom symbol and x-y-z- coordinates
            $xmolFile->Append(sprintf "%s %f  %f  %f \n",$atom->ElementSymbol, $atom->X, $atom->Y,

$atom->Z);
        }   
    }
    #close trajectory file
    $xmolFile->Close;
}
else {
    print "The " . $doc->Name . " is not a multiframe trajectory file \n";
}

使用时先将这些内容复制到一个文本文件里,后缀名改为.pl。然后在MS里将这个.pl加入到项目中。要转换哪个目录下的xtd文件就把这pl文件挪到哪个目录中,并且把my $doc = $Documents{"./benzene.xtd"}; 当中的文件名改成要转换的文件名。之后,保持此脚本文件窗口处于激活状态,选tools-scripting-debug(或者直接按F5,或者按工具栏的蓝色三角按钮)就开始对xtd文件进行转换,转换结束后在当前目录下会输出trj.txt文件。将其后缀改为.xyz之后就能被VMD等程序直接读取了。

debug模式对于大体系、帧数较多的轨迹转换起来颇慢,可以用tools-scripting-Run on server模式来运行,这样转换速度明显快得多,trj.txt将会生成到新的目录,当前目录下的其它文件也会被强行复制过去一份。

此脚本默认转换所有帧。如果想转换指定帧数范围,就把my $framebegin=1;和my $frameend=10;改成自定的起止帧号就行了,需要先将my $frameend=10;前面的注释去掉。

如果是周期性体系,那么在MS当中看起来轨迹是什么样转换过去就是什么样。比如,如果在display style-lattice中在某个方向上多显示一个周期,那么转换出的轨迹在相应方向上也会多出一倍原子。Default、In-Cell、Original的显示模式下转换出的原子坐标也会相应地可能有所不同。

上面的这个名为xtd2xyz脚本只能转换全原子模拟的轨迹,如Forcite的xtd轨迹,却不能转换粗粒化模拟的轨迹,如Mesocite的以bead描述粒子的xtd轨迹。我将之修改成下面的xtdbead2xyz脚本,专门用来转换粗粒化模拟的轨迹(但不能转换全原子的),用法同前。


#!perl
# XTDbead2XYZ - Convert the XTD files containing beads into XYZ format
# Creator: Sobereva (sobereva@sina.com)
# Date:    2012-May-23

use strict;
use MaterialsScript qw(:all);

#open the multiframe trajectory structure file or die
my $doc = $Documents{"./bilayer.xtd"};

if (!$doc) {die "no document";}

my $trajectory = $doc->Trajectory;

if ($trajectory->NumFrames>1) {

    print "Found ".$trajectory->NumFrames." frames in the trajectory\n";
    # Open new xmol trajectory file
    my $xmolFile=Documents->New("trj.txt");
   
    #get atoms in the structure
    my $Beads = $doc->DisplayRange->Beads;
    my $NBeads=@$Beads;

    # loops over the frames
    my $framebegin=1;
    my $frameend=$trajectory->NumFrames;
#    my $frameend=10;
    for (my $frame=$framebegin; $frame<=$frameend; ++$frame){
        $trajectory->CurrentFrame = $frame;
        #write header xyz
        $xmolFile->Append(sprintf "%i \n", $NBeads);
        $xmolFile->Append(sprintf "%s %i \n", "Frame",$frame);
        foreach my $Bead (@$Beads) {
            # write atom symbol and x-y-z- coordinates
            $xmolFile->Append(sprintf "%s %f  %f  %f \n",$Bead->Name, $Bead->X, $Bead->Y, $Bead-

>Z);
        }   
    }
    #close trajectory file
    $xmolFile->Close;
}
else {
    print "The " . $doc->Name . " is not a multiframe trajectory file \n";
}

 

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